In September 2014, there were about 70,000 teachers working in the schools that belong to the National Association of Independent Schools (NAIS).* Independent private schools are supported primarily by tuitions, charitable giving, and endowment income rather than by tax or church funds. Each NAIS member school is fully accredited, is independently governed by a board of trustees, and practices nondiscriminatory policies.
*Based on NAIS member schools in the U.S. that reported staffing data for 2014-15.
A Snapshot of Independent School Teachers
Independent schools boast well-balanced faculties with an even distribution of experience — from recent college graduates to very experienced master-teachers. Of the teachers employed at NAIS member schools in 2014-15:
- 19 percent had 0-5 years of teaching experience;
- 22 percent had 6-10 years;
- 19 percent had 11-15 years;
- 15 percent had 16- 20 years; and
- 25 percent had 21 or more years of experience.
This range of tenures on independent school faculties provides a healthy balance of fresh, new perspectives and classroom-tested experience.
In 2014-15, 68 percent of independent school teachers were women and 32 percent were men. In coeducational schools, women outnumbered men two to one, but in boys' schools, that ratio was reversed, with men making up almost 61 percent of the faculty. In girls' schools, 80 percent of the teachers were female.
Independent schools actively seek candidates from diverse backgrounds. In 2014-15, 13 percent of all teachers in independent schools were people of color.
Salaries for teachers at independent schools vary dramatically, depending on years of experience, school type (day/boarding, coed/single-sex, elementary/secondary), school size, and region. NAIS data compiled for the 2014-15 school year show that the median salary for all teachers at independent schools was $51,500.
For beginning teachers, the median salary was $36,500, and the median for the highest paid teachers was $77,125. Factors that influence salaries for independent school teachers include: total years of teaching experience, degrees earned, the number of years employed at the current school, certification, teaching load, merit and performance.
Why Teachers Choose Independent Schools
Researchers at the Klingenstein Center at Teachers College, Columbia University, identified four factors that draw teachers to independent schools:
- the autonomy and empowerment associated with independent schools,
- the unique atmosphere of an independent school,
- the quality of students, and
- the school facilities.
Teachers value their curricular freedom; small class size; and close-knit relationships with students, faculty, and administrators.
Some independent schools have internal teacher associations but there is no independent school teachers' union. In a few rare instances, however, independent school faculties belong to national public school teacher unions.
Independent schools range from very small campuses (some with fewer than 100 students) to fairly large schools (a few with more than 3,000 students), with an average enrollment in NAIS member schools of 478 students and a median enrollment of 374 in 2014-15.
NAIS statistics for the 2014-15 school year show that the median student/teacher ratio at member schools was 8.6:1. Independent school teachers are often responsible for counseling students, coaching athletics, and/or advising extracurricular groups, in addition to planning lessons, grading papers, and serving on school committees. In boarding schools, faculty members often live in dormitories as resident advisors.
Independent schools develop their own criteria for hiring teachers. At the elementary level, independent schools seek teachers with solid grounding in early childhood education and those teaching middle school are expected to understand the developmental issues critical to this age group. At the secondary level, there is a strong preference for teachers with undergraduate and graduate degrees in the liberal arts and sciences, and for teachers who have demonstrated academic achievement by succeeding at colleges with competitive admissions standards. These teachers are recognized as specialists in their major fields. Independent schools also value the professional work experience offered by candidates turning to teaching as a second career.
State certification is not usually required of independent school teachers. Independent schools hold themselves publicly accountable through accreditation – a process of peer evaluation that certifies that schools meet certain standards of educational quality, fiscal operation, and staff competence as defined by an independent entity. All independent schools accepted for membership at NAIS must be accredited by an approved state or regional association.
Independent schools welcome applications from recent college graduates (at both the bachelor's and graduate levels), experienced teachers (from independent schools, public schools, and colleges), and people changing careers. Typically, independent schools begin interviewing and hiring teachers earlier in the year than public schools, with most of the action occurring between February and May in preparation for the next school term.
See also the following articles for more on working at independent schools:
Careers in Independent Schools
This article outlines the various job positions available in independent schools.
Why Teach in an Independent School?
This article draws from survey research conducted among independent school teachers to outline teacher satisfaction and compensation issues and to explore climate and diversity issues in independent schools.
What Independent School Teachers Say about Teaching in Independent Schools
Responses from independent school teachers to the query, "Why do you teach in an independent school?"